GRAND LITTLE TOURS
DESCRIPTION OF THE VALLEY|
TOWNS ALONG THE TOUR
Rivergaro ||| Travo ||| Bobbio ||| Coli
Marsaglia - Corte Brugnatella
Cerignale ||| Ottone ||| Zerba
FARMS HOLIDAY IN THE PROVINCE
DESCRIPTION OF THE VALLEY
The Trebbia valley is considered to be the most important of the valleys in the province of Piacenza from a historic and geographic point of view, and combined with its beautiful natural appearance is, without a doubt, a rather fascinating valley.
During the first world war the young Ernest Hemingway visited this valley and described it, in his diary, as the most beautiful in the world.
The Trebbia river, which gives its name to the valley, has its source in the Ligurian mountains (30 Km. from Genova) and flows into the Po river, just West of Piacenza, after a tortuous 115 Km. The waters of the Trebbia are still rather pristine and in many locations along its course they offer, in the summer months, solace to numerous sunbathers and gratification to the many canoeists that come here from all over Europe.
The Trebbia river has various tributaries but the most important one is the Aveto which joins the Trebbia in the upper section a few kilometers South of Bobbio.
In the Trebbia valley we find 82 fortifications (castles, fortified towers and dwellings, etc.).
The valley's tourist office is situated in Bobbio piazza San Francesco; phone: 0523 962815
For information about visiting the castles, please call: 0523 329324
|HOW TO GET THERE|
From Piacenza we head South to take highway S. S. 45 which basically follows the river Trebbia and then continues all the way to Genova.MAP OF THE PROVINCE
|WHAT TO SEE|
Beside visiting the famous and historic town of Bobbio, there are various castles, old churches and charming hamlets with superb vistas. And not to be missed are the local fairs and festivals organized by the various "Pro loco" associations.
The upper valley is covered by extensive and beautiful woods and pastures which in the spring are covered by all sorts of wild flowers.
One should also remember that in this valley, in the vicinity of Tuna (map of battle), Hannibal defeated the Roman army in 218 B. C. in the famous "Battle of Trebbia"; but the precise location of the battle is still a bone of contention amongst scholars.
Archeological excavations in the valley have uncovered many artifacts that points to the long establishment of humans in this valley.
TOUR OF TREBBIA VALLEY (230 Km.)ITINERARY
(140 m. a.s.l.)
|We leave Piacenza southbound and take highway S.S. 45. At about 7.5 Km. we turn right through Quarto and Bardinezza (XIV c. castle) towards Gossolengo where we find an interesting castle surrounded by two courtyards and an adjacent church with XIV and XV c. frescoes.
From Gossolengo we follow the road southward for about 8 Km. and turn left towards Niviano where there is a medieval castle built with an orientation based on the cardinal points and boasting four well preserved towers at each angle. Presently the castle is used as farm dwellings. In 1877, in the vicinity of the nearby hamlet of Settima, a farmer, while plowing a field, found the now world-wide famous Etruscan Liver.
Before reaching Rivergaro we deviate to the right towards Pieve Dugliara where we can admire the majestic Gasparini Palace (1600) now used as a retirement home; also in this hamlet we find the interesting parish church built in the 1600.
Rivergaro, 18.5 Km. from Piacenza, is situated on the foothills on the right bank of the Trebbia river. Worth mentioning, but not open to the public, is Villa Anguissola Scotti built on the ruins of an ancient fortification by the renowned architect Lotario Tomba of Piacenza in 1778 in the neo-classic style .
In the historic center of the town we find the parish church, built by Antonio Tomba (1813) and dedicated to Saint Agata, exhibiting a painting (The Martyrdom of Saint Margaret) attributed to Sebastiano Galeotti and also two paintings of the Flemish artist De Longe (XVII c.) Nearby there is also the Oratory of Saint Rocco built at the beginning of the 1600 and modified in the XIX c.; in the chapel on the right we find the painting "Madonna with the Baby between Saint Lucy and Saint Biagio" attributed to Giacomo Ceruti, called Pitocchetto, dated about 1737/1739.
On the hill-top overlooking the main piazza stands the Sanctuary of the Madonna of the Castle, so called because it was built on the ruins of an ancient castle, whose walls on the right incorporate roman brickwork. From this hill-top one can enjoy a very nice panoramic view of the Trebbia and the surrounding mountains.
Also worth mentioning in the vicinity are the castles of Montechiaro and Ancarano. The Montechiaro castle was built in a unique fashion (origins late XII c.): a square tower stands in the middle of the hexagonal court-yard with high walls and the whole is surrounded by yet another irregular set of walls.
(171 m. a.s.l.)
Before proceeding to Travo we make a detour. |
About 1.5 Km. after leaving Rivergaro southbound we turn right onto a bridge and after crossing the Trebbia turn right again going northward towards Statto and Rivalta Trebbia.
In Statto we find a rather charming and compact castle (first mentioned in 1296) fortified with four circular towers at each angle and displaying large windows adorned with brickwork ornaments attesting to the evolution from a fortification to an aristocratic dwelling.
We now proceed towards Rivalta where the castle stands on a low hill overlooking the Trebbia river. The castle of Rivalta, presently well looked after by the family Count Zanardi Landi, presents different style of construction; in the oldest medieval part a massive square tower (36 m. high) built with bricks and stones stands at the entrance of the village; of the same period there is a pointed arch and a semi-circular tower. In the 1400 the building was extended with luxurious additions around a charming courtyard with renaissance style porticos and galleries. The characteristic massive pointed circular tower was built in the 1700.
From Rivalta Trebbia we proceed South following the road, at times with fine panoramic views, on the left bank of the Trebbia reaching Travo in about 20 Km.
A legend has conveyed to us that in Travo, in 303 A. D., the legionnaire Antonino suffered martyrdom after refusing to make offerings to the Roman goddess Minerva. It is believed that the most important temple in Northern Italy dedicate to Minerva Medica Cabardiacense once stood here in Travo or in nearby Caverzago; in fact many inscribed fragments of the temple have been found in the area and some can be seen incorporated in the walls of the rectory of the church in nearby Caverzago, just South of Travo.
In the circular tower of the Anguissola castle there is a laboratory of the National Archeological Museum of Parma where artifacts of recent and mainly Neolithic excavations in this valley are displayed.
(272 m. a.s.l.)
|From Travo we go back on S.S. 45 which panoramically continues to follow the river southward. In Perino, small hamlet at the head of the Perino Valley, we could take a detour up the valley to a group of houses called Aglio where there is still a charming old grist mill standing.|
We finally arrive in Bobbio, the main economic and tourist center of the valley. Here, in 612 A. D., the Irish monk
Saint Columban (or St. Columbanus) established a monastery which became, in the IX and XII c. famous throughout Europe for the established schools, the scriptorium and its renowned library, whose content, alas, has since been widely dispersed.
From the Basilica we now proceed to the Cathedral built around 1075 and subsequently altered from the XIII c. onward; the present fašade was built in 1463. The interior , divided in three naves, was decorated in a neo-gothic style by Aristide Secchi from Lodi (1896), also includes decorations from the 1400 and 1500.
A feature of Bobbio is the Hunchedback bridge over the Trebbia river, and whose construction , some say, could be dated back to 1440. Overlooking the town stands the Castle, originally built in 1315 by Malaspina and consequently taken over by Pietro Dal Verme in 1440, still boasting the massive dungeon, now utilized as a museum.
An interesting excursion from Bobbio is the drive up to the Penice Pass (1149 m.) 16 Km. away, from where one can proceed all the way up to the Sanctuary (XVII c.) standing at the top of the mountain Penice (1460 m.) where in the antiquity once stood a temple for the cult of the mountain peaks. From here one can enjoy a very fine view all around.
From the pass we can descend into the Tidone Valley.
(639 m. a.s.l.)
|Nine kilometers South of Bobbio, after crossing the Trebbia, we take the road to the left going by the thermal springs, known and used by the Romans, and drive up to
Coli on a rather panoramic road.|
Coli is gracefully placed in a dell at the foot of Saint Augustin mountain (1125 m.) and is surrounded by the horrid precipices of the Curiasca torrent.
Laid in the churchyard is the Crux Michaelica, an inscribed memorial stone dated from the X c.
In the vicinity we find the interesting ruins of Magrini castle standing vertically over a ravine.
HIKING: The trip Bobbio - Coli could also be done on foot in about 1.5 hr. (plus 1.5 hr. for the return trip); another very interesting hiking trip is the Curiasca Loop for a total of 5 hrs.; along the trail we find the ruins of a grist mill that was still in use in the 1970's and hamlets with the typical stone dwellings and ovens.
|MARSAGLIA - CORTE BRUGNATELLA
(321 m. a.s.l.)
|From Coli we proceed down to S. S. 45 which now is almost like a balcony overlooking the tortuous Trebbia. |
The town hall of the municipality called Corte Brugnatella is in Marsaglia where various torrents and their valleys join the Trebbia; the most important one is Aveto valley where we find the peaceful hamlet of Salsominore (390 m. a.s.l.) named after a natural salty spring.
From Marsaglia we can drive up a narrow but often scenic road to the Mercatello pass (1050 m. a.s.l.) and eventually reach Ferriere in the Nure valley.
(725 m. a.s.l.)
|We reach Cerignale, 67 Km. from Piacenza, by taking a very panoramic road on the left that eventually loops back onto S.S. 45 in Ottone (see below).|
Due to its elevation and open position on the side of the mountain, Cerignale offers a tranquil and healthy environment. The parish church was rebuilt in the XVII c.
HIKING: Interesting trails will take you to Monte delle Tane (Mountain of the caves) at 1198 m. a.s.l. ; and to the chestnut-grove, pine-grove and pastures of Fontana Baia, where many natural springs can be found.
(492 m. a.s.l.)
|From Cerignale we follow the narrow but panoramic road through Cariseto (with ruins of a castle and where some houses date from the 1600) and slowly descend to Ottone, 74 Km. from Piacenza.|
The parish church, built between 1690 and 1705 contains decorations in plaster and Baroque style altars.
(775 m. a.s.l.)
From Ottone we begin our return North towards Piacenza but not before having visited Zerba, the highest and least populated municipality of the province. Due to its location on the southern slopes of mount Lesima (1724 m. a.s.l.) this hamlet enjoys relatively mild temperatures even during the winter months; in fact during those winters with very little snow one could admire violets blooming in the month of February. |
Of the old castle there are a few ruins left with the main tower still standing.
A legend tell us that the army of Hannibal took refuge in this valley after the great battle against the Roman down river.
Also in the vicinity and worth visiting is the small hamlet of Tartago with its traditional stone-built houses.
From here Piacenza is 77 Km. away.
The above data was gleaned from the following publications:
*** Emilia Romagna (Guida d'Italia , Touring Club Italiano - 1991)
*** Guida della Provincia di Piacenza ( T.E.P. Gallarati Editore - 1974)
*** Guida Amministrativa e Turistica Piacenza (Azienda Promozione Turistica e Automobile Club Piacenza - 1992)
*** Guida Antologica a cura della Camera di Commercio di Piacenza - No. 3 e 4 Valdarda e Valchero, G. Franco Scognamilio e Gino Macellari (1975).
 Photomontage: Detail of a hayloft in the vicinity of Carpaneto Piacentino and in the background a side view of the castle in Castell'Arquato.
TIDONE VALLEY= ace of cups; purple colour = The venyards and a barrel of wine.
TREBBIA VALLEY= ace of swords; blue colour = The blue water of the Trebbia river/torrent.
NURE VALLEY= ace of batons; green colour = The forests of the upper valley.
ARDA VALLEY= ace of coins; sandybrown colour = The Easter eggs game in Fiorenzuola d'Arda and the cliffs of Lugagnano.