Rivergaro (140 m. asl)
We leave Piacenza southbound and take highway S.S. 45. At about 7.5 Km. we turn right through Quarto and Bardinezza (XIV c. castle) towards Gossolengo where we find an interesting castle surrounded by two courtyards and an adjacent church with XIV and XV c. frescoes.
From Gossolengo we follow the road southward for about 8 Km. and turn left towards Niviano where there is a medieval castle built with an orientation based on the cardinal points and boasting four well preserved towers at each angle. Presently the castle is used as farm dwellings. In 1877, in the vicinity of the nearby hamlet of Settima, a farmer, while plowing a field, found the now world-wide famous Etruscan Liver.
Before reaching Rivergaro we deviate to the right towards Pieve Dugliara where we can admire the majestic Gasparini Palace (1600) now used as a retirement home; also in this hamlet we find the interesting parish church built in the 1600.
Rivergaro, 18.5 Km. from Piacenza, is situated on the foothills on the right bank of the Trebbia river. Worth mentioning, but not open to the public, is Villa Anguissola Scotti built on the ruins of an ancient fortification by the renowned architect Lotario Tomba of Piacenza in 1778 in the neo-classic style .
In the historic center of the town we find the parish church, built by Antonio Tomba (1813) and dedicated to Saint Agata, exhibiting a painting (The Martyrdom of Saint Margaret) attributed to Sebastiano Galeotti and also two paintings of the Flemish artist De Longe (XVII c.) Nearby there is also the Oratory of Saint Rocco built at the beginning of the 1600 and modified in the XIX c.; in the chapel on the right we find the painting "Madonna with the Baby between Saint Lucy and Saint Biagio" attributed to Giacomo Ceruti, called Pitocchetto, dated about 1737/1739.
On the hill-top overlooking the main piazza stands the Sanctuary of the Madonna of the Castle, so called because it was built on the ruins of an ancient castle, whose walls on the right incorporate roman brickwork . From this hill-top one can enjoy a very fine panoramic view of the Trebbia and the surrounding mountains.
Also worth mentioning in the vicinity are the castles of Montechiaro and Ancarano. The Montechiaro castle was built in a unique fashion (origins late XII c.): a square tower stands in the middle of the hexagonal court-yard with high walls and the whole is surrounded by yet another irregular set of walls.
The medieval castle of Ancarano was modified during the Renaissance period to which the style of its windows belongs.